OPINION JORNAL DE ANGOLA: Extinction of the consulting activity in the area of ​​Engineering and Architecture

As an Angolan Association of Designers and Consultants,
we are witnessing with regret the extinction of the consultancy activity
in the field of engineering and architecture in Angola, with the consequent
unemployment of National technicians and most likely to the
migratory movement of these in search of sustenance and prosperity outside Angola.
We still cannot understand whether it is a premeditated or negligent attitude.
Clarifying the reasons, we would first point to
systematic failure on the part of the State, with regard to the
payment for services provided under the contracts executed
with the public companies of the sector. Rare are the exceptions in which
contracted entity is not subjected to pressure (blackmail) from
start or continue services at the request of the contracting entity,
without it having met the conditions, either procedural or
financial resources to honor the commitments assumed.
unbalanced, two extremely harmful situations result
for national companies:
1- Obligation of companies in the settlement of taxes
due annually to the Angolan State (Industrial Tax) in
depending on the invoice issued and not paid by the same State;
2- Debt settlement by the state through
negotiations with MINFIN, in which the actual amount actually paid
(or proposed), is incomparably lower than the contracted value,
without resulting from this fact any type of interest compensation
arrears or even exchange rate adjustments for contracts executed
with external resources. In other words, the invoice value used to
calculation effects of Industrial Tax paid by companies
has a certain value and the income of the companies and effectively
much lower. The compensation of the generated imbalance weakens (extinguishes) companies…..
Secondly, we watched from the bench how the
few public investment projects are awarded through the
simplified contracting by orders, evoking the material criterion,
resulting from such a procedure a total violation of the condition of
free market competition, as well as an insurmountable contradiction
with the principle of enhancing national capacity. We question
if indeed the legal criteria that justify the adoption of this
procedure if they exist, or if we are facing the legal form
found to avoid the public tender, allowing the entity
contractor select to whom to assign the project and under what conditions.
For clarification, we cite some examples of this deregulation
of the market, contracts under the DP:
– Elaboration of study and project of the Cultural Center of Luanda
in the amount of USD 3,200,000 through DP 2/20 of January 6 (and the
a foreign entity).
– Inspection services for construction and equipping of the
Hospital de Viana in the amount of 5,007,990.00 euros through PD
88/20 of June 15th.
– Inspection services for construction and equipping of the
Hospital do Cacuaco in the amount of 5,568,990.00 euros through PD
88/20 of June 15th.
– Inspection service for the bridge over the Calualua River in
value of 93 million and 750 thousand kwanzas, over the Cutembo river in
value of 107 million and 340 thousand kwanzas on the river Coporolo, in the
amount of 19 million 213 thousand and 66 kwanzas, through DP 53/20 of April 13.
Finally, we identified the Integrated Intervention Plan in
Municipalities (PIIM). It is known that for the exercise of activity of
Engineering and Architecture technicians must be registered in the
respective Orders in order to recognize their formation and
be duly apt to carry out the professional activity. THE
corporate level, companies to carry out their activity
professional must have a Permit, the only way to guarantee that they have
in its staff the number of technicians with adequate training
responsibility for the work to be carried out.
The issuance of the Permit was carried out in Angola by IRCCOP –
Regulatory Institute for Civil Construction and Public Works. In January
2020, the AAPC was consulted by IRCCOP to issue an opinion
on the Legal Diploma that attributed to the Municipal Administrations
the ability to issue Permits. The position of the AAPC was in agreement
provided that the IRCCOP was maintained in the validation circuit, in
to ensure that both consultants and contractors have
a technical body suitable for the responsibility of the work in
course. A similar position was held by the OEA – Ordem dos Engenheiros de
Angola and AECCOPA – Association of Construction Contractors
Civil and Public Works of Angola.
With the emergence of PIIM there was an explosion of companies
in the sector, in our opinion more companies than qualified technicians
available, but we are watching with great concern the realization
of works with elements that cannot be considered Projects
and photographs of work in progress that appear to be largely lacking in
quality and use of inadequate equipment in the face of
work in progress. Today, the verification of these processes is only
an administrative act and we believe that Projects and Supervision
They also lack technical analysis…
There are no technologically developed countries without privileging
technique – which is achieved by collaborating with the technicians!

Angolan Association of Designers and Consultants